Why Does America Practice Capitalist Yoga?

I recently read an article that called Americans to task for the way they approach “yoga”.   I was in complete harmony with what it had to say.  In fact, I’d long wondered at the way in which “yoga” was being practiced in the United States.

When I was 13, back in the late 60s, I bought a book called YOGA FOR AMERICANS, and taught myself yoga — alone in my bedroom, doing the asanas with only the advice of Indra Devi, the author of the book. Yoga was an unknown practice back then in Pennsylvania — Californians were probably already practicing yoga more often, but not the people livings in the cookie-cutter-developments of suburban Philadelphia. I remember being briefly happy, but then horrified when, in the 1980s, yoga started getting popular in my area of the country. First, yoga classes were offered privately. Then they started being offered at gyms. Then, yoga studios began to open. Now, don’t misunderstand, I have nothing against the more wide-spread practice of yoga. But, often, what was being taught, as far as I’m concerned, was not traditional yoga. “Hot yoga”, “aerobic yoga”, “yoga dance”…….I had already been practicing yoga for nearly fifteen years when this yoga craze began in my part of the country. My yoga was a very slow, meditative yoga. Holding various positions for extended periods of time, doing intentional breathwork – that was my yoga. I also did aerobics and weight training – but they were separate workouts. I could not accept a practice that called itself yoga that included rapid movement from one asana to another, in a kind of demented gymnastics workout.

Neither could I accept what America did to yoga. Marketing exploded: yoga mats, yoga “bricks” and other equipment, yoga videotapes, yoga books, yoga magazines, more yoga books, yoga clothing, yoga jewelry, CDs of music for yoga, or yoga chanting….even yoga “food”.

Yoga means “yoke”. It is a practice, the central intention of which is to connect the body, mind and spirit of the practitioner. What does that have to do with a yoga wardrobe, or your new patchouli-scented yoga mat?

I did my yoga in old, loose fitting clothing, often the same clothing that I’d worn for years. I never required new outfits for my yoga practice. I couldn’t align this focus on acquisition with a practice that was supposed to offer balance and release. It seemed to me that what was practiced in America was Neoliberal Yoga. It was about achievement, acquisition and perceived superiority. There was a Social Darwinist flavor to it – not only in the competitive nature of the yoga performance itself – who can do the most outrageously difficult asana “flow” with lightning speed, but in the sense that if you can’t afford the classes, the clothes, the food, the books, DVDs, CDs and the luxury yoga retreats, then you didn’t really have the right to practice yoga.

So, yes, it has an elitist quality, the powerful smell of superiority on display. In short, I say that American Neoliberal Yoga is a sort of anti-yoga.

As the article pointed out, in these classes and retreats, you look out over a sea of white bodies – few Indians, at least a few of whom should know more about the practice of yoga, I would think, given that it is a practice originating in India. You also see few to no black bodies in the yoga classes. Why might that be? Again, I suspect it has to do with the perceived white elitism of the American yoga culture. It also has to do with the miserable truth that, in America, wealth is not only concentrated in the hands of the very few, but it is concentrated in the white hands of the very few.

Anyway, my suggestion is that we ignore all the high-priced classes and equipment and outfits. Getting back to the philosophy and goals of yoga would be step one.

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Surprised by 9th Street

IMG_1953For far too long, my life has been over-booked, over-planned, over-scheduled.  I rarely have a day that isn’t at least partially planned, with a “to do” list, and a series of jobs I want to accomplish.  I end most days feeling like a failure because I make lists that are too long to finish in a week, and then expect myself to do everything by dinnertime.

But this week, there were a series of experiences that simply landed, plop!, in the middle of my over-planned schedule.  Two beloved young friends are getting married this weekend, and I decided – and this is also entirely unlike me – to spend a day shopping for a new dress, makeup — whatever felt right as I prepared to go to this wedding.  I hate clothes shopping.  I mean, hate, clothes shopping.  I have clothes in my closet from when I was in high school, I actually have a dress hanging in the closet that I wore to the First Quaker City Rock Festival at the Spectrum here in Philadelphia.  (Lineup:  Moby Grape, The Chambers Brothers, Big Brother and the Holding Company – with Janis, Vanilla Fudge and……Buddy Guy.) My closet looks like a vintage clothing store.

So, anyway, buying a dress for this wedding shows how much I adore the couple getting married.  I went to my car – which had been sitting in the parking lot for a month, since I’ve been working on several big writing projects and not traveling much.  The left rear tire was almost entirely flat.  The right rear tire was low.  What to do?

I drove on it.  Took the car to 11th Street Auto — which by the way is the BEST garage to go to if you live in Center City.  I love those guys.  Diagnosis:  dry rot.  “If you don’t drive the car much, and let it sit for long periods, this is going to happen,” Frank, the owner told me.  So – the first unexpected thing of the week, and not a very welcome one — I needed two new tires.  They filled me up with air for the shopping trip, but ordered two tires so that I wouldn’t have a blow out driving to the wedding on Saturday.  (Yes, I did shop.  I survived.  Even found a nice dress.)

But here’s the good thing that happened when my plans for the week got shot full of holes – when I brought the car back to replace the tires, I wandered around that part of the city, waiting for them to do the job.  I walked down Christian Street, looking for someplace to grab a sandwich or something, so that I could eat and write while I was waiting — because, you know, God forbid I shouldn’t WORK.  What I found instead was 9th and Christian – and then the entire stretch of 9th Street, where the stores and street vendors were amazing. The Italian Market!   I hadn’t been to 9th Street since I was about 8 years old, staying with my great aunt.  She drove us into South Philly to meet up with her sister-in-law, Lena, who lived at 9th and Wilder.  We wandered the markets of 9th Street, and, being a little suburban kid from Marple Township (think split level developments, something like the development in “Edward Scissorhands”),  I had never seen anything like it.  Back then, pretty much all of 9th Street (as far as I remember) was Italian.  Now, there are Italian, Hispanic and Vietnamese storekeepers,.  There are what we used to call 5 & 10 cent stores when I was a kid.  There were butchers and poulterers, produce stands, sneakers stores, a book and record store, kitchenwares, cheese stores, spice shops, pasta stores, a florist, coffee shops, pizza shops.  I met a woman from Tennessee who was there with her son.  She told me, “I buy everything I can here and take it back with me to Tennessee, including the bacon!”  That has to be some sort of Southern blasphemy, right?…buying your pork products in Philadelphia?

Fante's on 9th Street - Great kitchenwares store!

Fante’s on 9th Street – Great kitchenwares store!

So…on this first accidental visit to 9th Street, I went to Fante’s, the kitchenwares store, which has an incredible supply of cooking tools and products – and a wonderful, friendly staff.  I got a great lesson in the differences between pasta machines – and I’m going to go back and buy one.  For this trip, I bought a simple ravioli-making set, just like the one my late mother-in-law used to use.

I shopped in Claudios, an amazing store filled with everything from fresh-made pasta, to charcuterie, cheeses, to pickled vegetables and olives, to a variety of olive oils, pestos, and other sauces.  They sell wine.  I bought some gnocchi and 2 lbs of spinach tagliatelle — plus a 2 lb jar of Pesto Genovese.

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And then…..to the Italian Pastry store – Isgro’s, where I bought a key lime tart, a baba-rum pastry (soaked in rum and honey and stuffed with Italian cream), and a Marzapane eclair.  And, no, I won’t eat them all at once…but yes, I am going to eat them.

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The pastry store was a little price-y – but certainly not out of line with what you would pay for a high-quality Italian pastry in a restaurant.  Probably a few dollars less. (And believe me, these are high-quality Italian pastries!) Claudio’s wasn’t out of line for its prices of high-quality pasta and pesto, either.  The cheese prices looked to be in line with what I see in grocery stores, and they were really high-quality.

The ravioli-making set was $17.  It’ll last a lifetime, or two.  Maybe more.

One thing to keep in mind if you are planning to shop here:  many of the stores are cash only.  The vendors are almost entirely cash only.  Some of the restaurants only take cash.  Fante’s, Claudio’s, DiBrunos took credit cards.  But be aware that you might need cash when you head to 9th Street.

I certainly plan to go back.  It was fun.  It was full of life.  It was a great place to find good food and nice people.  This is not news to most people who live in downtown Philadelphia — almost everyone has at least heard of 9th Street, or “the Italian Market”.  But if, like me, you haven’t explored it, you should absolutely plan to go.  I’d say try a weekday rather than weekend, when it is probably packed with people.  A weekday, late morning, was a perfect time.  There were plenty of people, but nothing was crowded.  People lounged at outdoor tables at the coffee shops and restaurants.  Shopkeepers struck up conversations with you.  People stopped on the sidewalk and talked.  There was even a group of young artists from Moore who were sitting on the sidewalk sketching the street scenes, as eager to capture the great feeling here as I was!

More than anything, this surprise adventure reminded me of something important: don’t overplan.  Let life happen.  Make room for the surprises – because even the annoying ones (tires with dry rot) might lead to some wonderful ones (ravioli-making equipment and Italian pastry.)

I was reminded recently that Italians have a phrase: dolce far niente, which means the pleasure of doing nothing…or delicious idleness.  Try it.  Some of the best things might happen in those unplanned moments.

 

 

 

 

 

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The Continued Food Revolution

There is a growing chorus of voices around the U.S., calling for change, demanding accountability of the corporations and financial institutions which have driven us to ruin.
One of the most hated companies in the country now is Monsanto, the enormous agri-business conglomerate that has bought its way into control of all three branches of our government.  All attempts by citizens to curb the damaging behavior of this company have been hard-fought: getting hormones and anti-biotics out of our food, forcing labeling of GMO products, reducing the amount of toxins in our food, stopping the many evils of factory farming.  Americans have suffered more defeat than victory.

But there are ways that people are fighting back.  Many people now boycott everything Monsanto makes.  There is a chart which offers information about the companies owned by Monsanto.  There is also an app called Buycott which allows you to scan products in a grocery store to find out just exactly what sort of behavior the company selling the product has been up to.

Communities and cities are getting involved.  Despite the pushback we’ve just suffered regarding a state’s rights to demand GMO labeling, we will continue to fight that battle, too.  In the meantime, cities like Seattle are creating Food Forests.  Other communities are looking toward examples, like that of communities in Russia, where small-scale, organic farms are feeding large numbers of people.

Where I live, in Philadelphia, the Occupy movement has remained active in many ways.  One way is by partnering with already-existent food activists to create community gardens, converting empty lots into green spaces where members of the neighborhoods come together to grow vegetables and fruits, to socialize, share recipes, build friendships.

On an individual level, we are making different choices in the food we purchase and put in our bodies, feed to our children.  On the community level we are reaching out to create more neighborhood gardens, to open our public spaces up to farmers’ markets and food fairs.  We’re doing it at the grassroots level – at the personal level.  Because this IS personal.  You can’t get much more personal than our health, our well-being, the very source of nourishment that provides life.  Please feel free to share what you know of other movements or activities in YOUR neighborhood.   The exchange of ideas helps to fuel our determination to take back control of our lives.

Posted in Dining, Recipes and Food, Health, Fitness, Holistic Living, Revolution | Tagged , , , , , , , , ,

Trying Not to Let American Food Kill Me

After a few months of serious over-work, I’ve spent the last week and a half in what I call a Spa Staycation — staying close to home, catching up on reading, exercise, a little self-care.

One of the things I’ve been doing is reading and watching documentaries about food.  Each year, I have my students watch Food, Inc., and am gratified by their response and about just how many of these teenagers start to make some serious changes in their diets.  I began watching other films in order to supplement what we are doing in class, and have found a few that are really helpful.  “Fat, Sick and Nearly Dead” is about how the average diet is killing us.  The answer here is a plant-based diet, and juice fasting — and the results were remarkable.  I also watched Forks over Knives, which again supported the plant-based diet over the animal protein and dairy product diet so many Americans eat.  Since there were a lot of medical statistics provided in this film, it helped to make it clear just how seriously ill we are as a nation, and how directly linked our diabetes epidemic, obesity, high blood pressure, heart disease and other disorders are to the highly processed foods, the chemicals, hormones and antibiotics that are in the meat, poultry and dairy we eat.

Finally, I watched Engine 2, which offers some very helpful advice on just how to shift away from our habitual eating into the plant-based diets that are clearly so much more healthy.

All of this made me re-affirm my desire to eat not only a vegetarian diet, but a vegan diet.  It’s a tough thing to stick to in the beginning – until things become second nature.  It is also tough for someone who does a lot of her socializing in restaurants and pubs — because these are not often places where you can find much by way of vegan offerings.  Add to that the realization that wheat has been playing havoc with my health — so now, I’m not only vegan but non-wheat.  Ha!  Good luck.

Another issue, for me, is that I love….LOVE…..creamy foods.  I love baked goods.  I love pasta.  Salad without creamy salad dressing?  No way.  To never have a muffin?  Cripes.  And no way I can live without the occasional bowl of steaming hot pasta.  Oh….and I forgot pizza.  I love pizza.  So…am I totally screwed?  Am I destined to fall off this diet into a pile of rigatoni?

I know how easy it is to backslide, and how hard it subsequently is to get back on track.  So my determination, during this Spa Staycation, is to create lists of foods for each meal – relatively simple things I can keep on hand.  Then, the more challenging part of this is to find recipes that offer me ways to make alternatives to my favorite Marie’s creamy dressings, or to al fredo sauce.  I know there must be cookbooks out there that offer pasta recipes that are non-gluten/non-wheat.  I try not to think of a life without another piece of cheese, or without a blueberry muffin….and instead think of ways that I can get the same tastes, textures and enjoyment without the products that are, ultimately, going to shorten my life.

Today, I went to a drug store around the corner from my home, to pick up a few things.  While I was there, I walked through their “food” aisle.  LOTS of nuts — almost all of which were heavily doused with salt.  Many of which were also slathered with sugar or honey, or “honey-cinnamon”.  I found ONE bag of plain almonds, where the ingredients just read “almonds”.  One.  On the other side of the aisle, there were canned foods – most of which were laden with salt, sugar, and in some cases a bunch of other chemicals, including thickeners made of the dreaded wheat.  Soups?  Same thing.  I found ONE can of lentil soup that had lentils, water, some vegetables and salt…..but it listed “artificial flavorings” — which could be just about anything.  Then there were rows and rows of cookies and crackers.  Chips.  Pretzels.  Two rows of cereals, all of which were sugar-laden.  Even the so-called “healthy” cereals like Special K are filled with sugar.  Even something that should be simple – like Rice Krispies, is filled with sugar.   Wheat Belly, a website that discusses the problems with the wheat products in our country actually had a blog today about the cereals of America.

So, this will be a bit of an adventure – getting back on my vegetarian diet, refining it even more so that it is now a vegan, non-wheat diet – and finding a way to NOT be a pain in the butt when I go out with friends to these restaurants we’ve always frequented.  As they order their burgers, or coconut-coated butterfly shrimp, or their pasta, I am going to have to order salad, or veggie burgers with no roll — and then whip out my own home-made dairy-free creamy salad dressing.  We’ll see how this goes.  But I’ll try to do some follow ups here on the blog as I move forward with this quest.

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Try a Stopping Spree

I’ve never been a shopper; it’s simply not in my dna. There is a story that was told often in my family, about a day when my great aunt took me shopping to a Woolworths, the old five and dime chain store, and told me to buy anything I wanted – it was my 5th birthday. I protested over and over, saying I didn’t want anything, didn’t need anything, that I was uncomfortable looking around and feeling pressure that I had to buy something. But my aunt persisted. I eventually, because she kept insisting, wandered around the store and picked out a little Santa Claus mug, because my birthday was about a month before Christmas, and some of the merchandise was already out in the store. My great aunt was horrified that this was the only thing I wanted, urging me to pick something else. I refused — and I didn’t even want the mug. End result: we left the store with my little Santa mug, and my aunt was not satisfied. The story continues that on my younger sister’s birthday, the same aunt took my sister to the same store, and said the same thing, “Pick anything you want.”

My sister asked, “Can I get a wagon?”

“Of course!” our aunt answered.

So my sister got the wagon and proceeded to go up and down all the aisles filling it, until it was piled so high that nothing more would fit. The sense in my family, as they repeated this story, was that my sister knew how to do it right.  No matter how many times I heard this story, and was the butt of their jokes, I never felt that I was wrong.  This story is not only good at illustrating the difference between two sisters — but it is a story illustrative of my consumerist family, and of the culture in which we live. The fact that this sort of mad ecstatic shopping lunacy is what is considered normal in the U.S. is something that has always baffled me – the decades we’ve spent traveling to the mall as if we’re going on pilgrimmage – there is nothing about that which has ever made sense to me.

I hate shopping. I don’t like malls. I don’t like buying things that aren’t absolutely necessary. I don’t understand why people find it so hard to break the shopping habit. Maybe to another’s mind, I live too simply – many of my clothes are 30 years old – big old sweatshirts, sweaters, etc. Why do I need more? When they wear thin, if I can mend them, I do. If not, then I simply thank the clothing for the many years of service — and find a way to turn it into a cleaning rag, or something else useful.

I own furniture that is really good — solid wood furniture that will last many lifetimes beyond my own. So why buy new furniture? Why redecorate? The same thing is true with kitchenware, with cars, etc.  I have cookware that I have owned since I set up my own apartment when I was 17. I have a car that is over 15 years old. I don’t see any reason not to keep it.

I just don’t understand how, as a culture, we run ourselves into this ridiculous situation where credit cards are holding us captive – we are struggling against debt, yet keep incurring it. We just passed another Black Friday and, as usual, people were acting like animals, lining up at doors of stores that opened at 6 am, trampling each other to shop. What does this add to the quality of life?

If you have to buy essentials, fine. I buy lightbulbs. Batteries.  Pens. Paper. Food, of course. I buy what is absolutely necessary by way of toiletries — if I need to buy anything else, I will buy from a thrift store, I’ll look for used stuff. Or I’ll repair things – I just spent a few hundred dollars repairing four pairs of very good boots – I took them to a local business – a local shoe repair person – and I was happy to write the check to him, and to pick up those boots and wear them again.

So, yes, I guess that my way of looking at the world is very different, but I think it is a way that people should consider. One thing I discovered because of courses I teach, is the history of a man named Edward Bernays - the nephew of Sigmund Freud, and the father of PR in America. He used his uncle’s understanding of the subconscious desires that fuel some of our base human behavior – and he tapped into those so that he could create desire that would overcome our sense of need. Madison Avenue loved him and hired him to do just that. The Pentagon loved him, too. This is because, on one hand, he used manipulation of desires to cause people to buy, on the other side he was able to tap into primitive levels of fear to allow the Pentagon to create consent for wars we didn’t have to fight, to create fear in people so that they would believe they were in danger, to allow the government to do whatever it wanted.

But here is the thing: tapping into our unconscious emotions for purposes of manipulating them is something you can only get away until society is aware. Once you know what is being triggered, even if you feel those emotions getting stirred, the higher parts of the mind could resist. Of course, that is why, in my opinion, our public educational system is in terrible shape because those who manipulate the public don’t WANT people to use higher parts of their mind, but to be manipulated through base levels of emotions. People have been turned into animals and to reverse this is crucial. It all boils down to not falling victim to this kind of wickedness – so when I wear my 30 year old sweatshirt, or my ten year old rag socks, I feel good — I feel as though I’ve freed myself from this emotional manipulation.

The truth is that we don’t have to be in debt, we don’t have to be addicted to this cycle of buying, and that we can break free of the kind of mental and emotional manipulation that drives this rabid consumerist behavior. One of the most troubling things about Bernays using this method is that, for all we want to say about Freud, his goal was to make people less victimized by primitive desires, to make them aware of those urges in a way that allowed more control over such behavior. Bernays used his uncle’s research and writing to do the opposite – to create a society where people were victims of those who knew how to manipulate their primitive emotions.

A really wonderful video by Annie Leonard, called The Story of Stuff, sets out other reasons to be concerned about this consumerist system that fuels our economy and drives people into debt. In addition to what it does to individual fiscal insecurity, there are signs all along the cycle, from extraction, through production, distribution and ultimately to disposal, that prove it is terrible for our environment, and absolutely unsustainable.

I propose that, when you get the urge for a Shopping Spree, try a Stopping Spree instead. What does that mean? It means that you don’t shop.  You stop yourself.  Instead, take a trip to your own closet, and spend some time going through what is already hanging there. Pretend it is a shopping rack. Try on clothes you already have. Think of ways you can update the clothes already in your wardrobe. If you have things that you no longer wear for whatever reason, make a donation bundle and take that to a local thrift shop for donation. If you want to shop while you are there – fine. That money goes into charities, not to a clothing industry that uses the exploited labor of 12-year-old Cambodian girls in sweat shops.

If you must go out and wander stores — go local. Stay away from the mall, with its chain stores and underpaid employees, and travel to stores that are locally owned. When you buy from local businesses, a full 70% of the money you spend stays in your neighborhood. When you buy at a chain store, 70% leaves the neighborhood and heads to the HQ, where the profits are held by a very small number of people at the top of the labor chain.

Another thing: Carry NO credit cards, and only a small amount of cash. Don’t allow yourself to be tempted, because of that piece of plastic in your pocket, to buy things you don’t need and that you can probably ill-afford.

If you MUST shop because you are an addict, shift your shopping to other kinds of things as you work to wean yourself: buy a great bottle of wine, for instance, or go to a local grocer and buy some truly wonderful ingredients for a delicious dinner. Buy a great cookbook, and go home and have fun experimenting.

If you MUST take part in Black Friday — and this baffles me entirely, but I know I’m a strange duck in America – then buy for children who have nothing. Get in touch with local charities, and see what you can do to help families in desperate need. Most religious organizations – churches, synagogues, mosques, temples – have partnered with shelters and other organizations and would welcome your purchases and your assistance. And here is a thought — instead of a trip to the mall, make a trip to one of those shelters in order to lend a hand, and to meet the people who live there. You will be horrified to learn how many of them are veterans. How many are battered women, with their children, who had nowhere to go in order to get away from abuse. How many are suffering from mental conditions, who have no support.

If you must shop, if you must spend, shift what you do away from consuming on your own behalf, and consider spending some of your capital and your effort in areas of want and desperate need. More than anything, try out this Stopping Spree idea. You will be astonished at how you can spend your time when you are not in a mall. I’ll talk about more of those ideas on the next part of this blog – Stopping Spree, Part Two.

What are some of YOUR non-shopping past-times?  How have you stopped your own shopping addiction?  I welcome hearing from people, and will include your stories and suggestions in the second part of this blog.

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The Power of Potassium

The average American eats a diet that is deficient in potassium; worse than that, our habits often include things that deplete our system of its potassium stores.

Water pills (diuretics) draw potassium from your system, as do medicines for asthma and emphysema – like bronchodilators, steroids or theophylline.  Anti-biotics, especially the aminoglycosides – play havoc with your potassium levels.  The use of insulin also depletes your system of potassium.  As you would probably guess, anorexia and bulimia drain you of potassium.  Alcoholism drains your potassium.  Even if you are not alcoholic, liquor plays havoc with your potassium levels if you overdo it.

Women of all races and African Americans are at higher risk for low potassium levels, a disorder called hypokalemia.

Why should we care?  How important is potassium, anyway?  Well, pretty darned important, actually.  It’s crucial in regulating the fluid levels of your body, in keeping the electrolyte balance in the cells of your body, it regulates blood pressure and heart functioning, keeps your nervous system strong, helps your muscles contract properly.  It aids with the metabolic process, releasing energy from your fat, carbohydrates and proteins, and then aids in the waste removal process of your digestive system.  It helps with the growth and health of your cells.  Plus, it supports your cognitive functions by assisting in the delivery of oxygen to your brain.  As we get older, with sustained potassium deficiency, we might notice more and more difficulty digesting, problems with high blood pressure, frayed nerves, muscle spasms.  This is all preventable through a few simple changes to your diet.

As we all know already, a diet filled with processed foods, one high in sodium, sugars and chemicals, is never going to provide your body with the amount of potassium you need.  You might even be deficient already without knowing it.  What are the symptoms?

They include weakness, tiredness, nausea or vomiting.  Abdominal cramping and bloating are common, as is constipation.  Fainting or dizziness — light-headedness when you stand up quickly —  which is caused by the low blood pressure usually accompanying low potassium levels.  Many of us have also experienced those cramps in our arm or leg muscles – or sometimes in our feet or toes – which are severe enough to make it impossible to move your arm or leg – almost like paralysis.

Another symptom is heart palpitations – irregular heartbeat.  You may feel very thirsty a lot, or pass large amounts of urine.  There are also signs of abnormal psychological behaviors, depression, confusion, or more serious – psychosis, delirium or hallucinations.  I was alerted to a problem with my potassium levels because of what my grandmother used to call a Charley Horse — which apparently is a North American colloquialism for the muscle spasms that sometimes occur in legs – calf muscles frequently. I got them all the time.   I also had some arrhythmia problems — irregular heartbeats — which scared me, and made me pay more attention to the possibility of vitamin and mineral deficiencies.

It’s very difficult to get the appropriate amount of potassium from supplements.
We need a lot – 4700 milligrams –  so the importance of your dietary choices is key here.

Huffington Post has a good article up about food sources high in potassium — most of us think about the magical banana, which is a good source with 422 milligrams — but there are plenty of others:

A plain, baked potato has 751 milligrams.  A sweet potato has 542 milligrams.  Leafy greens are a great source of potassium – swiss chard has 961 milligrams, spinach has 839 and something I’d never heard of — beet greens — has a whopping  1300 milligrams.  I looked up beet greens which, as you probably guessed, are the green tops of fresh beets, and found a lot of recipes for them.  One of the reasons I like writing this blog is that I learn a lot.

Beans are amazing.  In addition to being a great source of vegetable protein, they pack a lot of potassium. White beans, for instance, has 1189 milligrams a cup — so two cups of cooked white beans would give you about half of what you need for a daily potassium requirement.  Lima beans, 707 miligrams a cup.  Edamame, 970 mg. per cup.  And lentils are 731 milligrams a cup.  Clearly, beans are a great source for this important nutrient.

Winter squash offers a lot potassium.  We’re coming up on a great season for a variety of squash – butternut squash, 582 mg./cup, acorn squash, 896 mg./cup, and one of my favorites, spaghetti squash, which offers only  181 mg/cup but since it’s only 42 calories/cup, you could eat 2 or 3 cups – and get plenty.  Spaghetti squash is easy to cook, and is a great substitute for actual spaghetti, which is much higher in calories and carbs w/o much by way of nutrition.   Squash recipes offer a variety of uses, from soup, to side dishes, to main courses.

Dried fruits can supply a good bit of potassium.  Dates are a great source – 167 mg. each.  Raisins, 322 for 1/5 oz.  apricots 257 1/4 c. Fresh fruits are good, too.  A cup of cantaloupe provides about 716 mg, papaya provides about 264 mg/cup.

Yogurt gives us 531 mg. for 8 oz — but be sure that you are eating real yogurt.  By that, I mean plain (and for safety purposes, make it organic to be sure you aren’t getting antibiotics or bovine hormones).  You do NOT want to eat yogurt with sugar.  Why?  Because the active acidophilus and healthy bacteria of yogurt — the reason most people EAT yogurt — are killed by sugar.  Put sugar in yogurt, and you might as well be eating pudding.

Avocados, have a lot of potassium -  975 mg. each.  Try including them into your diet in a variety of ways — there’s more to avocado than guacamole.

Tomatoes are high in potassium; and tomato sauce provides 800 mg. cup — but here too, stay away from the pre-made sauces, which are filled with sugars, preservatives and lots of other unnecessary and unhealthy ingredients.  Instead, use either fresh tomatoes, or buy yourself a big can of whole tomatoes – as an added side benefit, these cans of tomatoes are usually cheaper than those already-made tomato sauces.  You can make what my Italian mother-in-law used to call marinade, which is just the whole tomatoes, either minced (cut the tomatoes up by hand) or liquified in a blender and put into a sauce pan with a little olive oil (ALWAYS 100% virgin – it’s a little more expensive but much healthier), some oregano and basil.  The pre-made sauces have tons of salt, and you don’t want that – so cook this sauce and add a small amount of salt when it is finished. You’ll be surprised how much less you will need.
You can make your own version of tomato sauce which is MUCH more flavorful homemade,  and healthier,  with that can of whole tomatoes and two small cans of concentrated tomato paste, a little oregano and a slow simmer (crockpots are great for this too!) — you’ll end up with about double what you would get from a jar of pre-made tomato sauce – but yours will be without all the unwanted garbage.  It freezes well, if you want to double the batch and have it for future cooking.  Puree the whole tomatoes and heat them with basil and oregano; add some olive oil to a frying pan and add the tomato paste.  Let the paste fry until it becomes sweet — it’s kind of amazing how the flavor changes naturally.  Once it becomes sweet, add the paste to the whole tomato sauce, and cook for about an hour.  You can add meat if you want — some sauteed ground meat, for instance, or meatballs.  (If anybody wants a great meatball recipe, just ask.  My mother-in-law taught me how to make her meatballs, and they are great.)

Fish is a good choice for potassium — halibut 449 for 3 oz.  Be careful with fish, however; and be sure that you are buying the best and healthiest you can — our waters have been so polluted that knowing where the fish were caught is crucial to your own health.  Methyl-mercury contamination in big fish, such as tuna, is also a crucial consideration — stay away from larger fish as a regular part of your diet.  Watch out for GMO fish, too — more and more of our agri-business foods are frankenfoods.

Middle Eastern and Mediterranean diets are pretty good for potassium – with their reliance on spinach, yogurt, dates, lentils, tomatoes.  Arming yourself with some good Middle Eastern recipes for these ingredients would be a helpful and tasty way to ensure the right amount of potassium in your diet.

Bottom line, there are so many choices for ways to get the appropriate amount of potassium into your diet, and so many health benefits for doing so, you should start today to increase your intake, improve your diet, and take control of your health!

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Try Slow Yoga

I taught myself yoga when I was 13 years old.  This was back in the 1960s, in a suburb of Philadelphia, where most people thought yoga was that strange pudding-like food that  health nuts ate.  There was a wonderful old bookstore in my neighborhood – what would now be called an “independent” bookstore — back then, that’s all there were – independent owners of independent, quirky bookstores that reflected the tastes and passions of the owners and bookstore employees.

 

I can’t remember the name of this store.  It was in the Lawrence Park Shopping Center in Broomall, Pennsylvania.  It was a miraculous place for a young, introverted and poetic young girl.  Not only was it where I found this yoga book that changed my life – it was called Yoga for Americans by Indra Devi – but I also found books by D.T. Suzuki on Zen Buddhism, poetry by Richard Brautigan, Trout Fishing in America, In Watermelon Sugar, A Confederate General from Big Sur…this was heady stuff for a 13-year old.

 

So, I suppose it makes some kind of sense that, when I think of yoga, I think of a huge time of awakening in my life.  A time of poetry, spirituality and the discovery that there are people out there in the world who care about the things I cared about, unlike those people who made up the rest of my family.

 

No matter.  Back then, bookstores were portals of mystery and magic, where young solitary girls could go to discover that the world was bigger, had more possibilities, than anything contained in the minds of her parents.

 

There I was, 13 years old, reading through the chapters of this yoga book, learning hatha yoga from the writing and the pictures – Gloria Swanson was one of the models, no lie.  The positions were all about patience, breathing and holding.  The value of these postures was in your body’s ability to hold the positions while you breathed deeply and relaxed into yourself.  Many decades later, that is what yoga still is for me.  It’s about slow, patient holding and breathing.  It’s about flexibility and strength found in the ability to balance, to stretch, to bend, to breathe.  Yoga breathing is crucial to the process; it reminds us to breathe more deeply, more fully, more slowly.  It helps us to oxygenate our bodies and our brains.  It calms us and centers us.

 

I’ve never understood ‘hot yoga’ or ‘aerobic yoga’ — I do cardio, weight training, pilates, ballet training.  But yoga, real yoga, as far as I’ve always been concerned, is the yoga of slow and intentional movement.  Slow yoga.

 

That’s why I was not at all surprised when recent studies out of UCLA indicated that yoga is a “stress-buster”.  In fact, I’m surprised that anybody finds this surprising.    Other research, in the journal called Psychoneuroendocrinology (no, I’m not kidding), talks about yoga’s ability to reverse dementia.  One of the most exciting things the medical community has recently discovered is that yoga reduces inflammation, which is considered one of the primary causes of much illness, including dementia, multiple sclerosis, cancers, heart disease.  The list is not a pretty one.  By the way, another thing that causes inflammation?  Processed food.  Another shocker, right?

 

Many people believe that yoga won’t work them out hard enough.  They believe that sweating and straining is proof of a healthy workout.  While there are plenty of benefits to cardio, and I practice it regularly — a blog for another time — there are many benefits to be had from the kinds of workouts that require balance, strength and holding.  Pilates comes to mind.  Ballet.  And, of course yoga.

 

Yoga is in a class by itself, since it is not only an exercise practice.  In fact, one of the big errors of American yoga can be found in this enormous misunderstanding.  Yoga means “yoke” – and yoga is a practice that brings together the mind, body and spirit of the individual, creating greater harmony among our various aspects of being.  One of the other big errors of American yoga?  The belief that you have to buy and buy and buy — yoga mats, yoga clothes, yoga DVDs, yoga books and magazines and equipment.  For heaven’s sake, people.  Take off your shoes and your clothes, put on a comfortable pair of pajamas, and with bare feet just do the damn yoga.  Seriously?  Does someone really have to TELL you that?

Anyway, bottom line:  try slow yoga.  If you’ve never done it, you might be appalled to find yourself to be stiff, inflexible, awkward.  But trust me.  Keep trying.  Slowly, your body will stretch, your movements will become more graceful, your ability to balance and breathe will not result in you falling onto the carpet.  It’s about patience.  It’s about intention.  It’s about learning your body, quieting your mind, learning to listen to the “self” inside, about making discoveries regarding the truths your body holds for you.

In addition to all these physical benefits, some of the most important benefits will come through an increased and prolonged sense of calm, even in what used to be stressful, hot button situations.  Yoga, put simply, will change you in many ways for the better.  It’s a valuable practice, which is why it has lasted for thousands of years.

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